Proper cleaning is important for home nebulizer therapy because if the equipmentis not clean, people may breathe in germs the next time they use it.
Carefully follow the manufacturer’s cleaning instructions, which generally involve the following steps:
People can also wash the mouthpiece, top piece, and medicine cup nthe top shelf ofa dishwasher. People should clean the equipment more thoroughly once a week. Follow the manufacturers instructions, or soak the face mask or mouthpiece, top piece, and medicine cup in a mixture of white vinegar and water for 30 minutes. Rinse all ofthese pieces and let them air-dry.
Do not soak the compressor or the tubing in water. Instead, clean the outside ofthese pieces with a soapy cloth.
Air compressors typically have an air filter. People should replace these after the amount of time that the manufacturers instructions specify
Make sure that all the different components of a home nebulizer therapy system are dry, and then store them in aclean bag after each use.
Do not leave the unit assembled because this can increase the likelihood of the different pieces becoming contaminated.
Do’s for Nebulization
– Follow the directions exactly as recommended
Your doctor is the best judge to recommend the type of treatment best suited for you. Hence, its important to understand and follow the instructions given by the physician and the device manual. If you have any doubts, clear them up with the doctor beforehand. Do not make any alterations in the recommended medication dose, frequency or duration of nebulization.
– Ensure that your hands and the device accessories are clean
Wash your hands with soap and ensure that al the device accessories are clean before using them.
– Ensure you are in the right position during nebulization
The right position can simplify and ease the process of nebulization. Always sit upright while nebulizing. Even the nebulizer should be kept upright during the process.
– Stop the nebulization during a cough or during expectoration
If you want to cough out sputum or expectorate, switch off the nebulizer.
Then resume when you have settled down. This prevents wastage of medicine.
– Take deep breaths and hold the breath whenever possible
Take steady normal breaths with occasional deep breaths, and hold the breath whenever possible.
This will help better reach and distribution of the medicine into the lungs.
Use a mouthpiece instead of a face mask
Using a mouthpiece helps in more effective treatment than when using a face mask. If a face mask is used, ensure that it fits tightly and does not allow the medicine mist to escape through any gaps.
– Ensure that nebulization is complete
Keep checking the volume in the medication cup. When you are using a jet nebulizer, some medicine remains in the cup at the end of nebulization, which cannot be nebulized further. Typically, when you hear a sputtering sound, stop the nebulization.
– Take steps to avoid side effects
After every nebulization cycle, rinse the mouth with warm water, gargle and spit out. Ifa face mask is used, clean the mouth and nose area with water to prevent side effects such as skin rash.
Cleaning and disinfecting the nebulizer kit
Cleaning and disinfecting the nebulizer kit is essential to prevent the growth of bacteria, fungi, and viruses, all of which can cause infections.
Don’ts for Nebulization
Do not nebulize in a lying down position
Do not sterilize the respules using heat